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Date: 
2017-08-22 11:43

Minimum standards for insulation and heating a step closer

Over half (53%) of New Zealand houses have inadequate insulation in the roof and/or floor space and would benefit from retrofitted insulation, according to the latest House Condition Survey report.

The Building Research Association of New Zealand (BRANZ) report also found there was little difference in ceiling insulation levels between owner-occupier and rental houses. But a slightly higher proportion of rental houses did have less or no insulation in the roof space. While 23% of them had less than 70mm insulation in the roof space, 63% had at least 70mm insulation covering at least 80% of the roof space.

Alongside insulation, the BRANZ report – which surveyed 560 houses nationwide and weighted the findings to represent the total number in New Zealand – looked at ventilation, heating and mould in New Zealand houses.

One of its key findings was that many households do not use heating efficiently.

(Source from https://www.landlords.co.nz/article/6229/insulation-heating-improvement-needed)
 

Labour Party leader Andrew Little’s Healthy Homes Guarantee Bill  scraped through the vote with 60 votes to 59 to continue its progress towards becoming law. However, with Parliament due to be dissolved by August 22 and just one more members’ day set down before then, the Bill is unlikely to progress any further before September’s election. That means its future progress will be dependent on the next Parliament. The Bill, which is opposed by the government, aims to establish minimum standards for insulation, heating, ventilation and drainage in all rental properties.

Building and Construction Minister Nick Smith said the Bill would delay the government’s current requirements for landlords to insulate their rental homes by 2019 by three years. There is no debate that insulation makes our homes healthier. But clause 2 of the Healthy Homes Guarantee Bill has the requirement for landlords to comply with insulation standards come into force five years after the Act receives Royal Assent.

According to Smith, there are already legal requirements for dwellings to be heated, ventilated, properly drained and free of draughts. This means the only new issue in the Bill is the requirement for landlords to maintain their property at a minimum indoor temperature – which is impractical, he said.

(Source from https://www.landlords.co.nz/article/6220/minimum-standards-for-insulation-and-heating-a-step-closer)



出租房保暖供暖新要求
 
新西兰的房子总是很潮湿阴冷,甚至长满了霉菌。非常多的人居住在这样的环境中,而这也使他们的健康受到严重的威胁。该现象的主要原因是人们为了节约电费开支、节省暖气装置的不健康生活习惯。
 
根据最新的房屋状况调查报告,超过一半(53%)的新西兰房屋在屋顶和地板空间的保暖能力不足,将受益于改进保温层的应用。
 
新西兰建筑研究协会报告还发现,自住房屋和出租房屋的天花板保暖能力几乎没有差别。但是屋顶范围内,出租房屋存在较少或没有保暖的比例比自住房屋稍高。23%的房屋顶层保温层厚度不足70mm,63%的房屋超过70mm并覆盖房顶空间80%。
 
新西兰建筑研究协会报告抽样调查了全国560栋住房,发现新西兰住宅在保温、通风和发霉方面存在很大安全隐患。其中,许多家庭没有高效的使用暖气的习惯。将近一半的家庭通常不在卧室开暖气,而5%的家庭不常在客厅开暖气。报告还表示,租房户和自住户相比,很少使用到高性价比的加热设备,比如热泵、木柴燃烧器、烟道式燃气加热器。热泵在出租房的使用率仅27%,而自主房屋达到了46%。相反,租房户更依赖于便携式的取暖设备,这些设备运行起来费用较高,对较大空间的供暖效果较差。据统计,20%的出租房有便携式加热器。
 
此外,报告发现潮湿和发霉问题在出租房更为普遍。出租房房屋气味潮湿比例达到了自住房的两倍(12%比6%),可感觉到房屋受潮的出租房比例几乎达到了自住房的三倍(31%比44%)。在近一半(49%)的调查房中都能看到霉菌,但在出租房中更为常见。(出租和自主房屋出现霉菌的比例为56%比44%)。
 
新西兰建筑研究协会的研究员Vicki White说,调查强调提高供暖和保温意识、养成良好住房习惯是非常必要的。业主和房东应该考虑改善屋顶空间的保暖,以最大限度利用供暖。房屋保暖从长远角度是划算的,在一个保暖条件良好的房间供暖更节约。如果房屋保持温暖和干燥的良好保暖能力,良好的通风系统(如抽风机、定期打开窗户),它将有助于减少潮湿和霉菌的风险。
 
新西兰房地产投资者联合会执行官Andrew King表示支持提供良好、健康、保暖的出租房屋。但是如果住户不使用暖气的话,保暖就没有意义了。研究表明,许多房客和业主不开暖气的原因是因为担心高额开支。因此他们向低收入家庭提供电费抵用券,帮助人们在严冬有一个温暖的住房环境。”
 
上个月末,Andrew Little的健康房屋保障议案上周在议会通过了二读。法案要求政府对房间温度及潮湿问题都有所规定。该议案将会修改《住宅租赁法案》,要求设定租赁房产的最低加热和保温标准,并要求所有房东都做到符合标准。目前这个法案已经在立法院当中,不过由于大选的原因,这个新的法案不太可能由本届议会来实施了。
建筑和建筑部长Nick Smith强调,法案对业主出租房设置保暖棉的要求将推迟到2019年。Smith还说,良好的保暖会使我们的生存空间更加健康。已经有法律要求房屋有暖气供应、可通风、适当排水和自由空气对流的基本功能。这意味着法案中唯一的新问题,是要求房东保持房屋限定最低室内温度——这是不切实际的。更合理的应该是要求房东提供适当的取暖,但不要让房东来为房屋的室温负责。因为出租房的室温调整取决于供暖设备的使用与否,关好门窗与否、拉好窗帘与否。进一步提高租金标准的最大限制是强制房东执行,但我们有充分的证据表明新西兰住房的标准正在改善。
 
工党、绿党、毛利党、联合未来党支持该法案,而国家党和行动党反对。
联合未来党的领导人Peter Dunne说,他支持这项法案,因为一个温暖并安全的住所才是家。人人都期望寻求更好的住房标准,为确保随着住房标准提高,避免成本上升,我们采取的行动十分重要。Peter呼吁议会继续努力,提供一个解决方案:提高我们的住房标准同时不给房东带来不必要的负担。
 
TRS物业管理建议:

  1. 已有投资房的客人要抓紧时间安置保暖棉,TRS也将对出租房是否合规开始检查。
  2. 欲购买投资房的买家,TRS建议在选房的同时考虑保暖棉装置,以避免额外的费用。

[本文由TRS物业管理提供]

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